Jihadism on Web
Fig. 1. Jihadism on the Web. Courtesy of AIVD, 2012.

The General Intelligence and Security Service (Algemene Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst, AIVD), an agency under the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations of the Netherlands, recently released its report "Jihadism on the Web: A breeding ground for Jihad in the modern age". The AIVD publication "aims to increase understanding of online Jihadism and to contribute to an accurate assessment of this virtual threat."

The AIVD website introduces the report:

On the other hand, the professionalisation of online Jihadism has also contributed to the growth of jihadist cyberspace. Worldwide counterterrorist measures, for instance, have led to greater security awareness in jihadist cyberspace. As a result, more and more jihadists are capable of concealing their identity, their location and the content of their communications. Their activities have become less visible and more difficult to trace back to a person, which is causing them to send an increasingly violent message.

Table of Contents

1. How does online Jihadism work?
1.1 Core forums: the driving force behind the global Jihad movement
1.2 Jihadists also active on secondary forums
1.3 Limited use of surface Web
2. Highest threat caused by two core processes
2.1 The process of radicalisation and jihadisation
2.2 The process of network formation
2.3 Unique social dynamics
3. Greatest threat comes from a few types of actors
3.1 ‘Members’ of jihadist organisations
3.2 ‘Representatives’ of jihadist organisations
3.3 Jihadist ‘producers’
3.4 Jihadist ‘consumers’
3.5 Jihadist ‘lone wolves’
3.6 Interaction on virtual marketplace poses international threat
4. Online Jihadism boosted by two developments
4.1 Globalisation of virtual Jihad
4.2 Professionalisation of virtual Jihad
5. Conclusions

The full report is available for PDF download here.

The summary of the report is available for PDF download here.