Mapping Digital Media: Indonesia
Fig. 1. Courtesy of The Open Society Foundations, 2014.

The Open Society Foundations released its report Mapping Digital Media: Indonesia written by Kuskridho Ambardi, Gilang Parahita, Lisa Lindawati, Adam Sukarno & Nella Aprilia. "The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs."

The emergence of digital media in Indonesia coincided with the country’s transition to democracy beginning in 1998. In some ways, digitization has catalyzed the development of diverse and independent media.

Market reforms in favor of liberalization have gone hand in hand with convergence and proliferation to produce a radical increase in the number of media outlets. The number of national television channels has doubled since 1998; commercial radio stations have tripled; and the number of print newspapers has more than quadrupled. This has occurred alongside and in tandem with a rapidly growing online news sector populated by a mixed ecology of established brands and new entrants.

In other ways, however, digitization has merely helped to shift the locus of concentrated power from the state to an increasingly consolidated media elite. Despite the growing number of outlets, new entrants in conventional sectors have been rare and have been hampered by policies that have tended to favor commercial incumbents.


Mapping Digital Media
Executive Summary
Social Indicators
Economic Indicators
1. Media Consumption: The Digital Factor
1.1 Digital Take-up
1.2 Media Preferences
1.3 News Providers
1.4 Assessments
2. Digital Media and Public or State-administered Broadcasters
2.1 Public Service and State Institutions
2.2 Public Service Provision
2.3 Assessments
3. Digital Media and Society
3.1 User-Generated Content (UGC)
3.2 Digital Activism
3.3 Assessments
4. Digital Media and Journalism
4.1 Impact on Journalists and Newsrooms
4.2 Investigative Journalism
4.3 Social and Cultural Diversity
4.4 Political Diversity
4.5 Assessments
5. Digital Media and Technology
5.1 Broadcasting Spectrum
5.2 Digital Gatekeeping
5.3 Telecommunications
5.4 Assessments
6. Digital Business
6.1 Ownership
6.2 Media Funding
6.3 Media Business Models
6.4 Assessments
7. Policies, Laws, and Regulators
7.1 Policies and Laws
7.2 Regulators
7.3 Government Interference
7.4 Assessments
8. Conclusions
8.1 Media Today
8.2 Media Tomorrow
List of Abbreviations, Figures, Tables, and Companies

The full report is available for PDF download here.